or F. americana)
Poseidon, Woden, Thor, Mars, Gwidion, Neptune
Carve some of the wood into an equal armed cross as a protection against
drowning. The Witch's Broom is made from an ash staff, together with birch
twigs and a willow binding. Magic healing wands are often made from ash
branches. If the mandrake is not available, poppets are carved of ash roots
to be used in healing and other rituals. Place ash leaves beneath the pillow
to induce prophetic dreaming. Use in sea rituals of all kinds.